Educational Cultural Artifacts


Shanghai – Ming Dynasty – Dragon Wall Yu Garden – is a 5 headed dragon wall. Each Dragon only has 4 claws to avoid offending the 5 claw dragon of the Emperor. The Education Connection is the Imperial examination system. During the Ming Dynasty great attention was given to the administrative procedures and the tests became more rigorous. In the Ming Dynasty the central government managed to found schools called ‘guozijian’, and strengthened their function to be the only road by which people could take the exams. There were in total three stages leading to realizing the dream of becoming an official: provincial examination (xiangshi), metropolitan examination (huishi) by the Board of Rites, and Palace examination (dianshi) by the emperor himself.

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Xian – Tang Dynasty – Prayer Statue – Big Wild Goose Pagoda Built in 652 AD – 210 ft. Tall, Originally 5 stories, 2 additional stories added. Big Wild Goose Pagoda holds Sutras/Figurines of the Buddha who brought to China from India. The educational connection -Cultural Exchange among Educators. During the Tang Dynasty (629 AD) a “master” teacher (Monk) named Xuan Zang traveled from Xi’an to India along the Silk Road to the cradle of Buddhism, spending 17years traveling to over 100 countries. One of the world famous classics” The Journey To The West” is based on the pursuit of Xuan Zang.


Beijing – China Today – Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC)
ICBC is one of China’s ‘Big Four’ state-owned commercial banks. ICBC has a student lending unit that offer an Overseas Study Loan, a loan program for students to pay all the necessary expenses while studying abroad. According to ICBC’s 2005 annual report showed that 15.7% of the bank’s expenditures were result of approving loans for the Overseas Study Loan program. The statue of the dragons are in front of their main branch in Beijing.  Information Retrieved from :

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Beijing – Qing Dynasty Marble Boat’ Boat of the Purity and Ease” – Summer Palace. The boat is made out of wood, but is painted to imitate marble. Built in 1755. Education Connection: Unfair Selection Practices for the Imperial Examinations. The Manchu people attending the imperial examination were not tested but required only to undertake some translation.

All pictures on this page were taken by Sean L. Bates